Sodium Bicarbonate is administered to patients with severe metabolic acidosis. Metabolic acidosis is a condition that occurs when the body produces too much acid, or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. This condition is characterised by consumption of the buffers in our body, resulting in a fall in the concentration of bicarbonates in the blood. There are many causes for this disease and also many mechanisms to treat this disease. One of the treatments is the administration of bicarbonates through sodium bicarbonate. Sodium bicarbonate can be administered intravenously or orally, depending on whether it is acute or chronic. Oral administration is preferred when the metabolic acidosis is chronic. Although the administration of sodium bicarbonate for metabolic acidosis is widely preferred, the therapy is still somewhat controversial, owing to the damage which excessive administration of sodium bicarbonate can result in.
Sodium Bicarbonate Therapy in Severe Metabolic Acidosis